In early 2020, the CCP was on the verge of taking over 5G — smartphones, utility grids, power generation and more. Huawei, the backbone of the CCP’s surveillance state, looked unstoppable. Both sides of the aisle hit the panic button. To turn the tide, a new kind of diplomacy was needed — one that would combine the strengths of Silicon Valley and the State Department.

CCP’s 5G Masterplan

Both Sides of the Aisle Hit the Panic Button
A Different Kind of Diplomacy is Needed

Nancy Pelosi Warns europe about Huawei

Feb 14, 2020

Huawei boasts about Worldwide distribution

Feb 20, 2020

Schumer urges UK: Reject Huawei

Mar 3, 2021

The Clean Network team was charged with creating and operationalizing a global economic security strategy to drive economic growth, maximize national security and combat the Chinese Communist Party’s economic aggression.


  • Drive economic growth
  • Maximize national security
  • Combat CCP aggression

The Clean Network team created a playbook to detail their Vision, Mission, Principles, Objectives, Strategy, and Execution. In government there is often a gap between policy and execution. The Playbook helps close that gap.

The Clean Network Playbook

Clean Network Team Creates a Playbook – Just Like in Silicon Valley

Playbook approach to disrupting industries and – China INC

When Krach appeared before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was asked what his strategy would be for combating the CCP’s economic aggression. His team’s mission statement was built around his answer.


Harness US Competitive Advantages to Combat
CCP Economic Aggression

“What’s your strategy for combating CCP aggression?”
“I would harness the 3 biggest areas of U.S. competitive advantage by rallying our allies and partners, leveraging the innovation and resources of the private sector, and amplifying the moral high ground of democratic values.”
– Senate Confirmation Hearing

The team’s vision was to build an alliance of like-minded countries, companies and civil society that operate by a set of trust principles for all areas of economic collaboration, to advance freedom and stand up against authoritarianism.


The Clean Network: An Alliance of Countries, Companies and Civil Society that Operates by a Set of Trust Principles
in All Areas of Economic Collaboration

In 60 meetings with economic ministers, finance ministers, and foreign ministers, Krach asked, “How’s your relationship with China?” They would reply, “China is a very important trading partner…” But then they would glance around furtively, and add, “…But we don’t trust them.” The key to defeating China Inc.

Trust Principles

They Key To Defeating China, Inc: Trust

Respect For:

  • Rule of Law
  • Property
  • Sovereignty
    of Nations
  • Labor
  • The Planet
  • Human Rights
  • Accountability
  • Integrity
  • Transparency
  • Reciprocity


Trust principles being abused by the CCP

Defeating China’s 5G plan was just the beginning. The team created an enduring model that could be repeated in other industries; built an alliance to stand against the CCP’s aggression; and established a beachhead for all areas of economic competition.


Defeating China’s 5g Masterplan Is Just The Beginning


Deliver a proven and enduring model to compete with China Inc.


Deliver a proven and enduring model to compete with China Inc.


Build an alliance of countries and companies to stand against CCP aggression


Use 5G as a beachhead for all areas of economic competition

The Clean Network team’s strategy combined the best of Silicon Valley’s genius for innovation and entrepreneurship with the tried-and-true playbook of the U.S. State Department to create Tech Statecraft. Click “Learn More” to explore the details of the team’s strategy

Tech Statecraft Strategy

Strategies From Silicon Valley And The State Department
Combine To Create “Tech Statecraft”

Execution Timeline

With lightning speed, the E-team reversed Huawei’s momentum and decisively defeated China, Inc.

  • jan
  • feb
  • mar
  • apr
  • may
  • jun
  • jul
  • aug
  • sep
  • oct
  • nov
  • dec
  • jan
  • feb
  • mar
  • apr
  • may
  • jun
  • jul
  • aug
  • sep
  • oct
  • nov
  • dec

Silicon Valley partner tour

Krach hosts a dinner at his home, introducing  Secretary Pompeo to top Silicon Valley CEOs. They express their China concerns. Krach introduces the idea that corporate responsibility is not only social responsibility – it’s national security.

Jan 12-15, 2020

Davos meetings

At Krach’s 20th Davos conference, now as Under Secretary of State, he worked to rally stakeholders to come together in areas of digital infrastructure, energy, research, investment, trade, and commerce–operating under a set of shared trust principles.

Jan 20-24, 2020

UK Opens the Door to Huawei

UK’s decision to allow Huawei equipment for its 5G network sparks tensions with U.S. Washington maintains that Huawei represents a national security threat because its networking gear could be used by the Chinese government for espionage.

Jan 28, 2020

Nancy Pelosi warns Europe on Huawei

Pelosi warns letting Huawei into Europe is to “choose autocracy over democracy.” She states, “If we were to let Huawei have the information-highway dominance, it would be like putting the state police in the pocket of every person who uses that highway.”

Feb 14, 2020

Schumer urges UK: Reject Huawei

Chuck Schumer (D-NY) urges UK to reconsider its Huawei position. “Given the significant security, privacy, and economic threats posed by Huawei, we strongly urge the United Kingdom to revisit its recent decision, take steps to mitigate the risks of Huawei.”

Mar 3, 2020

Authority to Act

While many leaders believe it’s too late to turn the tide on Huawei and the CCP, Krach’s E team is granted legal authority by executive order and under the National Defense Authorization Act to take action and coordinate U.S. government actions on semiconductors and 5G.

Mar 5, 2020

Silicon Valley strategy meetings

Krach meets with key semiconductor equipment manufacturers and other leaders in Silicon Valley to discuss strategy for reversing China’s domination of 5G.

Mar 8-10, 2020

5G Trifecta: Clean Path

Secretary Pompeo announced that, as part of the 2019 National Defense Authorization Act, the State Department will require a “Clean Path” for all standalone 5G network traffic entering and exiting U.S. diplomatic facilities at home and abroad.

Apr 29, 2020

5G Trifecta: $12 Billion TSMC Plant

In just 2-weeks, Krach’s team secures agreement with TSMC, the world’s most sophisticated semiconductor manufacturer, to build $12 billion chip fab in Arizona. Begins to reverse Huawei momentum & sets the stage to rebuild US semiconductor industry.

May 15, 2020

5G Trifecta: No US Chips to Huawei

The State Department and Commerce Department block Huawei access to chips produced using U.S. software or technology, including chips from TSMC. This move is so successful, it forces Huawei to sell its 5G smartphone business six months later.

May 18, 2020

Canadian telcos ban Huawei

Canadian telcos, Bell and Telus announce that each of them will discontinue use of Huawei equipment in their 5G networks. The companies sign deals with Nokia and Ericsson instead.

Jun 3, 2020

Telefónica joins Clean Network

Telefónica CEO María says, “Telefónica is proud to be a 5G Clean Network company. Telefónica Spain and O2 (UK) are fully clean networks, and Telefónica Deutschland (Germany) and Vivo (Brazil) will be soon without equipment from any untrusted vendors.”

Jun 24, 2020

12 more countries join Clean Network

Krach welcomes the Czech Republic, Norway, Poland, Estonia, Romania, Denmark, Greece, New Zealand, Japan, Australia, Israel, and Latvia into Clean Network.

Jun 25, 2020

Huawei excluded from Singapore 5G network

Huawei Loses Out in Singapore 5G Bid. Singapore finalizes 5G contract winners, Nokia and Ericsson named as suppliers.

Jun 29, 2020

Krach warns of CCP genocide

In a July 4th interview with Neil Cavuto, Secretary Krach warns about brands benefiting from slave labor in China, and the growing problem of genocide being committed against the Uighurs in Xinjiang.

Jul 4, 2020

UK support for Clean Network

The United Kingdom announces plans to ban Huawei from future 5G networks. Specifically, UK mobile providers are being banned from buying new Huawei 5G equipment after December 31.

Jul 14, 2020

US Applauds UK move

US hails Britain’s move to ban Huawei and join Clean Network. National security advisor, Robert O’Brien, wrote on Twitter that Britain’s move showed a “growing international consensus” that Huawei and other companies “pose a threat to national security.”

Jul 15, 2020

Huawei banned in France

French authorities have told telecoms operators planning to buy Huawei 5G equipment that they won’t be able to renew licenses for the gear once they expire, effectively phasing the Chinese firm out of mobile networks.

Jul 22, 2020

Pompeo urges nations to become “Clean Countries”

An address at the Nixon library, Secretary of State Pompeo urges countries to become Clean Countries so that their citizens’ personal information doesn’t end up in the hands of the Chinese Communist Party.

Jul 23, 2020

Clean Network expansion into more tech areas

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announces the expansion of the Clean Network with the launch of five new lines of effort. Clean Carrier, Clean Apps, Clean Store, Clean Cloud, and Clean Cable.

Aug 5, 2020

TikTok and WeChat banned by executive order

The President signs two Executive Orders exercising his authority under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA) to address the threats posed by apps such as TikTok and WeChat.

Aug 6, 2020

Clean Network grows

Clean Network grows to 30 Countries and Territories along with largest telcos: Orange (France), Reliance (India), Telstra (Australia), SK and KT (Korea), Cosmote (Greece), NTT (Japan), O2 (UK) and all telcos in Canada, Norway, Vietnam, and Taiwan.

Aug 10, 2020

Clean Network at 30 countries

The US State Department called on its allies and partners in government and industry around the world to join the growing tide to secure data from the CCP’s surveillance state and China’s Great Firewall and said “Momentum for The Clean Network is growing.”

Aug 11, 2020

India Phases out China equipment

India will remove Huawei equipment from its mobile networks as tensions grow between India and China over the disputed territory of the Himalayan Galwan Valley. The Indian government is concerned about Chinese investment in its networking infrastructure.

Aug 24, 2020

Krach’s historic visit to Taipei

Krach arrives in Taipei, becoming the highest-ranking State Department official to visit since 1979. Taiwan’s Ambassador to the U.S. Hsiao Bi-khim calls Keith Krach “Taiwan’s Number One Friend.”

Sep 17, 2020

Taiwan diplomacy

Krach attended a memorial service for President Lee Teng-hui, father of democracy in Taiwan. He also met with business leaders and top government officials, held discussions on creating a new economic dialogue, and welcomed Taiwan into the Clean Network.

Sep 18, 2020

Clean Network Europe tour

European Clean Network tour begins, with the goal of building a Transatlantic Clean Network. Beginning in Luxembourg, Krach addresses the Clean Network initiative, 5G security, and financing economic growth rooted in trust.

Sep 22, 2020

Estonia commits to Clean Network

Krach meets with Estonian President Kaljulaid. They discuss cooperation in securing critical telecommunications infrastructure and ensuring clean technology supply chains. Estonia commits to EU 5G Clean Toolbox and 5G Clean Path.

Sep 23, 2020

Austria joins, elevates partnership

Krach and Austrian Federal Minister Köstinger elevate US-Austria partnership and safeguard 5G from “high-risk” vendors through the Clean Network and the EU 5G Clean Toolbox.

Sep 28, 2020

Clean Network And Eu 5G Clean Toolbox Agreement

Krach and EU Commissioner Breton issue statement on synergies between Clean Network and EU 5G Clean Toolbox. Breton emphasized the importance of EU/US cooperation in securing telecom infrastructure.

Sep 30, 2020

NATO is for 5G Clean Network

NATO Deputy Secretary General Mircea Geoana seeks 5G Clean NATO Network, citing the strategic importance of having a secure network which is non-fractured, because, he said, “the Alliance is only as strong as its weakest link.”

Sep 30, 2020

Portugal joins Clean Network

Krach notes, “The countries I’ve been to so far in the European Union certainly understand [the Huawei risk]. I think they’ve done an excellent job with the EU’s 5G toolbox, which regulators here in Portugal shared that they would follow.”

Oct 1, 2020

Spain joins Clean Network

Krach meets with Spain’s Secretary of State for Telecommunications, Roberto Sánchez about the need to guarantee the security of vital networks. Sánchez commits to EU 5G Clean Toolbox, joins Clean Network.

Oct 2, 2020

Albania supports Clean Network

Albania’s Prime Minister Rama commits to 5G Clean Path. Krach and Finance Minister Denaj sign Memorandum of Economic Cooperation.

Oct 3, 2020

Ban of Huawei in Germany

Germany prepares legislation that will effectively ban Huawei from its 5G network. Merkel responds to opposition from across the German political spectrum and within her own party.

Oct 4, 2020

Luxembourg and Belgium reject Huawei

Luxembourg and Belgium announce replacement of Huawei, join the Clean Network.

Oct 8, 2020

Belgium joins Clean Network

The Belgian capital, Brussels, is home to the European Union’s executive body and had been 100% reliant on Chinese vendors for its radio networks. Belgium has now awarded their 5G contracts to Nokia to complete their transition to a Clean Country.

Oct 9, 2020

Transatlantic Clean Network

The Clean Network has now grown to over 40 Clean Countries, and 50 Clean Telcos. Krach declares, the tide has finally turned, and “NATO is now ‘in sync’ on 5G security.”

Oct 14, 2020

Clean Network expands

The Clean Network adds tech giants Oracle, HP, NEC, Fujitsu, Cisco, NTT, Siemens and VMware.

Oct 17, 2020

Ericcson innovation center

Krach visits Ericcson innovation center in Tallinn, Estonia. This facility, along with the 5G smart manufacturing center in Texas, provide the world with Clean Network alternatives to high-risk vendors like Huawei and ZTE.

Oct 19, 2020

Cyprus joins Clean Network

Cyprus’ Minister for Digital Policy, Kyriacos Kokkinos, signs MOU expanding science and technology cooperation. According to Krach, “The Republic of Cyprus has the potential to be a regional hub for innovation and tech services.”

Oct 20, 2020

Three Seas nations support clean network

Three Seas member states announce support for Clean Network. Krach applauds President Kaljulaid’s vision of trusted collaboration among all Three Seas member states.

Oct 21, 2020

Slovak Republic becomes a Clean Network country

Slovak Republic signs Joint Declaration on 5G Security, joins Clean Network. The declaration states, “Protecting communications networks… and ensuring the privacy and individual liberties of the citizens of the Slovak Republic… are of vital importance.”

Oct 23, 2020

3 more countries join

Krach signs Clean Network agreements with North Macedonia, Kosovo, and Bulgaria. Says Krach, “This memorandum is vital for prosperity, national security, and economic development.”

Oct 23, 2020

Bahrain telecommunication is safe

US certifies two out of three Bahrain telecom operators “totally clean,” after pointing out that in the area of 5G, the CCP is a serious threat to Bahrain’s sovereignty and national security.

Oct 25, 2020

Clean Network countries account for 2/3 Global GDP

Clean Network reaches 49 countries, 2/3 of world GDP. “Countries and companies are asking, ‘Who do we trust?’” Krach said. “It’s certainly not Huawei.”

Oct 31, 2020

Latin America tour

Krach’s Clean Network team visits Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Panama, & Dominican Republic to offer a more compelling alternative to Huawei 5G.

Nov 7-17, 2020

Brazil Joins Clean Network

Brazil becomes 50th Country to join Clean Network. “Brazil supports the principles contained in the Clean Network proposal made by the United States,” said a joint U.S.-Brazil statement issued after Krach met with Brazilian foreign ministry officials.

Nov 11, 2020

Ecuador joins Clean Network

Ecuador joins Clean Network. — Fernando Flores, President, Committee on Natl Security.

Nov 14, 2020

Dominican Republic joins Clean Network

President Abinader announces Dominican Republic joins Clean Network.

Nov 17, 2020

Huawei forced to sell its Honor phone business

Huawei Sells Honor Phone Business as U.S. sanctions bite. State-led consortium takes over budget brand as Chinese tech company blames pressure from U.S. curbs on its supply chain

Nov 18, 2020

Ukraine joins Clean Network

“Ukraine joins NATO, EU, OECD, and 3 Seas on the Clean Network,” Prime Minister Shmyhal.

Dec 22, 2020

Nauru joins Clean Network

Nauru President Aingimea: “The Clean Network provides a trusted foundation to secure the most sensitive information”.

Jan 12, 2021

Palau joins Clean Network

“Palau is excited and proud to join the Clean Network.” President Remengesau.

Jan 13, 2021

Georgia Joins Clean Network

US, Georgia sign Clean Network MOU on 5G cooperation. “As Georgia aspires to join NATO, an improved security network will certainly be another positive aspect of the membership debate,” according to Krach.

Jan 14, 2021

Clean Network Opens New Africa Beachhead in Ethiopia

Ethiopia rejects Huawei, consistent with Clean Network. Vodafone-led group with financial backing of the International Development Finance Corp wins contract to build a nationwide 5G-capable wireless network.

May 22, 2021

A key Silicon Valley principle:
Speed is the ultimate weapon.

Explore the timeline to see how Krach’s team reversed Huawei’s momentum and racked up an amazing number of wins – growing the Clean Network to 60 countries and 2/3 of global GDP in just a matter of months.

Learn More

Clean Network Results


  • Defeat the CCP’s 5G masterplan
  • Create a proven, enduring model
  • Build alliance to stand against authoritarianism
  • Establish beachhead for all areas of competition
  • Defeat the CCP’s 5G masterplan
  • Create a proven, enduring model
  • Build alliance to stand against authoritarianism
  • Establish beachhead for all areas of competition
  • Defeat the CCP’s 5G masterplan
  • Create a proven, enduring model
  • Build alliance to stand against authoritarianism
  • Establish beachhead for all areas of competition